Vol 78, No 2 (2017)


Cover Page
This month’s cover features the image “Young Girls with School Banner on the Steps of an F.I.S.C. Building.” The photograph was taken at the Farmers Improvement Society College in Wolfe City, Texas, by an unknown photographer in the early 1900s. The Farmers Improvement Society was founded by Robert L. Smith around 1889. Smith was a devotee of Booker T. Washington’s efforts to use education and economics to help African Americans throughout the South. The society provided life insurance, financed a bank in Waco, operated an agricultural boarding school, and provided a social life in a religious and fraternal setting for African Americans across Texas.

The image is housed in the Farmers Improvement Society Records, a part of the Baylor University Libraries’ The Texas Collection. More information on The Texas Collection is available at www.baylor.edu/lib/texas/.