Vol 55, No 2 (1994)


Cover Page
This photo shows Mary McLeod Bethune stand­ing in front of the Capitol Building in Washing­ton, D.C., during her tenure as Special Advisor on Minority Affairs to the Roosevelt Adminis­tration. Bethune was born in Mayesville, South Carolina, on July 10, 1875. She attended the Presbyterian Mission School in Mayesville; the Scotia Seminary in Concord, New Hampshire; and Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. She taught at Haines Institute in Georgia, and es­tablished a Home for Delinquent Colored Girls in Florida. In 1904 she founded the Daytona Literary and Industrial School for Training Ne­gro Girls (now Bethune-Cookman College), and served as president there from 1904-1942 and 1946-1947. She founded the National Council of Negro Women in 1935, and was director of the Negro Affairs of the National Youth Ad­ministration 0935-1943). She was also an hon­orary general in the Women's Army for Na­tional Defense (WANDS).